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Transportation

Walking
As with any location, walking is always an option, but not advisable in Ghana since it is very hot and the cities are usually spread out over a large area. In many parts of the city, side walks are cluttered with hawkers, making travel by foot somewhat cumbersome: so you’re not only trying to dodge fast moving vehicles but also stationary goods as well.
If walking is absolutely necessary, then it is advisable to wear light colorful clothing, especially at night, to be more visible to drivers.
Walking throughout Accra is not dangerous, nevertheless, if you can find a vehicle take you to your destination, do it.

Trotros
Trotros are those run down, metal contraptions that look like vehicles that dominate the road system in Ghana. Even though, they look very frightening, they are among the most efficient transport systems in the country, used predominantly by the local population.
Trotro stops at any bus stop or gathering of people, so if you manage to spot one (bus stop or gathering of people) don’t hesitate to rush and join the line. You can also find trotros at trotro parks or lorry (truck) stations. If all else fails and you see a trotro approaching and are tired of walking, just wave your hand (palm down) up and down and the driver’s mate will shout where the trotro’s destination is.
There are signals used when travelling with trotros:
 Pointing the index finger of your right hand up means ‘to Accra Central’.
 Pointing the right index finger down and making a circular motion with your finger means ‘to Kwame Nkrumah Circle’, a major circle in Accra.
There is also a large lorry park, Neoplan, where you can get transport to many places in Accra. Close to Obetsebi Lamptey Circle is Kaneshie, where transport can also be obtained, especially to coastal areas.


Fast Car (to Kumasi and Takoradi)
Fast cars are seven-seater Peugeot hatchbacks that travel at high speeds to the destination for about twice the price of long-distance trotros. These cars tend of over-speed and are more dangerous than trotros, State Transport Company (STC) vehicles, or Ghana Private Road Transport Union (GPRTU) buses are. Do not take them after dark. You can take a fast car to Kumasi at Neoplan Station Kwame Nkrumah Circle. To go to Takoradi, check at the Kaneshi Station.

Taxis
Taxis in Ghana are painted in two colors: the four fenders are yellow/orange and the rest of the car is in a color of choice. Taxis can be obtained at taxi ranks or along any road in Accra. If you are collecting a taxi at a taxi rank, the taxi will have a sign on top of the car stating the area where that taxi will take passengers. Drivers will honk at pedestrians to see if they require a taxi. Do not hesitate to demand to be let out of the vehicle if you feel unsafe at any time. There are rules for driving safely in Accra.

Car Rentals
Cars can be rented in Ghana at various dealerships. Most hotels have car rental services. Check with your chosen accommodation for details.

Buses
State Transport Corporation (STC) and Ghana Private Road Transport Union (GPRTU) buses and others are available for long journeys (for example Accra to Kumasi) at very reasonable fares. There are stations in most major cities and towns in the country, all you need to do is ask and advice is usually given with a smile.
Seating is meant to be reserved, but don’t count on it. But one thing you can count on is the bus being very full, with passengers occupying fold-out seats in the aisle.
Expect loud music, chosen by the driver, and air condition is non-existent. A word of advice: get there early because ticket lines are very long.

Airlines
Aside from international flights in Ghana, a fast and comfortable way to travel to Kumasi and Tamale is by air. Go to Kotoka International Airport for a flight times and to purchase a ticket.

 
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