Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa. Spanning a land mass of 238,535 km², Ghana is bordered by the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo in the east and the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean in the south. Ghana means “Warrior King” in the Soninke language.

The first permanent state in the territory of present-day Ghana dates back to the 11th century. Numerous kingdoms and empires emerged over the centuries, of which the most powerful was the Kingdom of Ashanti. Beginning in the 15th century, numerous European powers contested the area for trading rights, with the British ultimately establishing control of the coast by the late 19th century. Following over a century of native resistance, Ghana’s current borders were established by the 1900s as the British Gold Coast. It became independent of the United Kingdom on 6 March 1957.

History

Before attaining its independence from British Colonial rule on March 6, 1957…

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Coat of Arms

The coat of arms of Ghana pictured here was introduced on 4 March 1957 by Elizabeth II…

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Flag

The flag of Ghana was adopted in 1957. It was replaced with a variant with a white…

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Folklore and Tradition

Of all the national and world treasures you’re bound to encounter on your trip to Ghana…

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Language

Ghana’s national language is English, a heritage of its former colonial status. It is the main…

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Education

Ghana’s educational system was formerly fashioned on the British system. Starting school…

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Electricity

The Electricity Company of Ghana is a limited liability Company wholly owned by the Government…

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Getting Around

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Experience
Ghana

CITY TOUR

Full-Day Private Tour of Accra

From$53
1 Days
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ADVENTURE

Forts and Castles

From$1,942
10 Days
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ADVENTURE

Ghana Cultural Tour

From$1,543
10 Days
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