Ghana’s national language is English, a heritage of its former colonial status. It is the main language of government and instruction.

Ghanaians speak a distinctive West African version of English as a standard form, involving such usages as chop (eat) and dash (gift). English is invariably a second language. Mother tongues include over sixty indigenous languages.

Akan is the most widely spoken and has acquired informal national language status. In addition to the large number of native speakers, many members of other groups learn Akan as a second language and use it fluently for intergroup communication. Ga-Adangme and Ewe are the next major languages. Hausa, a Nigerian language, is spoken as a trade language among peoples from the north. Many Ghanaians are multilingual, speaking one or two indigenous languages beside their native dialects and English. Although Ghana is bounded by francophone nations on all sides, few Ghanaians are proficient in French.

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History

Before attaining its independence from British Colonial rule on March 6, 1957…

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Coat of Arms

The coat of arms of Ghana pictured here was introduced on 4 March 1957 by Elizabeth II…

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Flag

The flag of Ghana was adopted in 1957. It was replaced with a variant with a white…

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Folklore and Tradition

Of all the national and world treasures you’re bound to encounter on your trip to Ghana…

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Language

Ghana’s national language is English, a heritage of its former colonial status. It is the main…

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Education

Ghana’s educational system was formerly fashioned on the British system. Starting school…

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Electricity

The Electricity Company of Ghana is a limited liability Company wholly owned by the Government…

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Getting Around

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